This well known "Spa City" is located 70 kilometers west of Stuttgart, 30 kilometers south, southwest of Karlsruhe and 40 kilometers northeast of Strasbourg, Alsace, France. With 51,000 inhabitants in 1986, Baden-Baden covers an area of 140 square kilometers, including the acquired towns and villages.
Set in a wooded valley of the northern Black Forest, Baden-Baden sits atop the extensive underground hot springs. The name Baden-Baden, meaning the town of Baden in the State of Baden was adopted to differentiate the town from another spa town, Baden-bei-Wien, near Vienna. Merkel Mountain, with elevations of 2,000 feet is located two miles east of the city. The Oos Creek (called Oos) runs through the center of town.
The Roman legions of the emperor Caracella, discovered the springs when they settled there in the 1st century and called the place, Aquae. It was rediscovered by the nobility of Europe in the 19th century and became the most elegant and sophisticated play grounds in all of Europe, with splendid spas, a magnificent palace and the oldest casino in Germany.
Mark Twain, writing of his visit to Baden-Baden wrote "I fully believe I left my rhematism there". The waters Mr. Twain talks about are those of "Friedrichsbad", also know as the old baths. Built from 1869 to 1877 at the request of Grand Duke Friedrich von Baden.
The Spielbank", the oldest gambling casino in Germany was designed more than 140 years ago in the style of those in an elegant French chateau.
Through the area Reformation Act of the 1970's Baden-Baden's size increased with the acquisition of the town of Steinbach and the villages of Ebersteinburg, Fremersberg, Gallenbach, Haueneberstein, Nägelsförst, Neuweier, Sandweier, Schneckenbach, Umweg and Varnhalt.
Earlier acquisitions were Lichtental (1909), Oos (sometimes called Baden-Oos) (1928), and Balg (1939). Other locations in Baden-Baden are Geroldsau, Malschbach, Nothausen, Oberbeuern, Ooscheuern (sometimes called Scheuern), and Yberg
birth and baptism: 1689 to present
marriages: 1689-1751, 1756 to present
death and burial: 1689 to present
birth and baptism: 1832-1962
death and burial: 1832-1945
death and burial: 1947-1960
Census Information, on microfilm called "Seelenstand" 1765, 1782, 1796/7
Karl Becker: "Eine Seelenliste der Pfarrei Stiftskirche zu Baden-Baden aus dem Jahre 1765", in: "Archiv für Sippenforschung", vol. 18 (1941), p. 152-156, 176-182, 198-202, 227-231
Located on the plain of the upper Rhein River about two kilometers north of the railway station in the city of Baden-Baden, Sandweier covers 13 square kilometers.
In 1905 the village had 1,598 inhabitants, among these were 1,590 catholics and 8 evangelical parishioners. There were 3,900 residents in 1986.
Catholic (LDS microfilms)
birth and baptisms: 1679-1712
birth and baptisms: 1718-1908
death and burial: 1693-1710
death and burial: 1722-1785 (with index)
death and burial: 1786-1888
confirmation: 1843-1852, 1863, 1889, 1896
other records: Schmalholz genealogy
Guido Müller, Karl Bruckner: " Sandweier - Ein Hardtdorf und seine Bevölkerung in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart", Baden-Baden 1988
Researchers in this area:
Researching: Baureidel (Baureitel, Bauriedel), Beckert, Braunnagel (Brunagel), Burckert (Burkart, Burkert, Burkhart), Byrck, Chares, Dannier, Daul, Desler (Dessler), Depfler, Eichelberger (Aichelberger, Aychelberger, Eigelberger), Findling (Fündling), Franck (Frank), Grazer, Karies (Karius), Kratzer (Krazer), Lorenz (Lorentz), Pang, Pflieger (Pfliger), Pfündtling, Rauch, Raug, Reis (Reus, Reyß, Rihs, Ris, Rys), Reißer, Schäfer, Schaerter, Scheffer, Schuester, Schwall, Schulz (Schultz), Seiler, Sigil, Taul, Walter, Zeitvogel.
This small village covers an area of only 12 square kilometers. As of 1986, there were 3,200 residents. The location of Steinbach is only seven kilometers south, southwest of Baden-Baden.
Steinbach was chartered as a town and authorized to hold a weekly market in 1258. It is surrounded by walls and embankments. Early on the town belonged to Baden, and its status as the administrative seat of that margraviate greatly influenced its architectural development. This is still visible in the preserved historic structures of the town.
The area has maintained prosperity due to its healthy mix of agriculture (including orchards and wine growing), skilled trades, handicrafts, commerce and small manufacturing businesses. Stonecutting was cited as one long-time business. The town has a widespread reputation for its quality millstones; there is even a millstone in the town coat of arms.
Although there are low-yield coal beds nearby, they generally fell into disuse between 1775 and 1855, being mined only a few times.
On one promontory, from which one can even see the tip of the cathedral in Strasbourg, the citizens built a heroic memorial statue of Erwin von Steinbach. It honors the builder of the cathedral as a hometown son of Steinbach (even though this claim has never been convincingly documented). The Erwin Statue is the work of Strassbourg sculptor Andreas Friedrich, who left behind many of his workshop's products throughout central Baden. He presented the Erwin Statue as a gift to the People of Steinbach. The solemn dedication speech for the statue was made on August, 29, 1845, by a Dr. Walchner, a prominent local physician. On August 31, 1845, at the invitation of the Masonic Lodge in Strasbourg, a large delegation of Freemasons from all over Germany, France and Switzerland came to join in the dedication festivities, and to use the occasion as a celebration of the solidarity as well as to pay homage to their fellow Mason, Erwin von Steinbach.
Surnames extracted from church records in Steinbach:
Baker, Bauer, Beyer, Bierenbreyer, Bilger, Bintz, Blod, Blum, Breyl, Burbele, Burck, Colson, Claus, Deissler, Dischinger, Doll, Dressel, Droll, Dyhl, Eberle, Eckerle, Eckstein, Ehemann, Ehereisser, Eissel, Ernst, Fantz, Fischer, Franck, Friedmann, Freitsch, Fritz, Gartner, Garthner, Geiger, Gerber, Goring, Graf, Graff, Greiss, Haasel, Hagemayer, Hagenunger, Harbrecht, Harprecht, Heinig, Heitzman, Hellfritz, Henn, Hennhofer, Hettler, Herr, Himmel, Hoch, Hochstuhl, Hord, Huchbunger, Huck, Hugg, Hurst, Ibach, Kamm, Katz, Katzemeyer, Kauffmann, Keller, Klipffel, Klump, Knopff, Kobele, Korbel, Kraus, Krumb, Krummholtz, Kust, Lambrecht, Lambrect, Lamprect, Lambrecht, Lang, Leppert, Liebig, Lorentz, Ludwig, Mast, Maushard, Mayer, Mertz, Meyer, Miller, Moser, Muller, Mussler, Murb, Nagel, Nesselhauff, Ochs, Oser, Peter, Pfefferle, Pfeiffer, Rapp, Reck, Reiss, Reisser, Rheinbold, Roth, Schatzel, Schaub, Schauff, Schauffler, Schickinger, Schill, Schmahlholtz, Schmaltz, Schmalz, Schmid, Schmitt, Schnizler, Schuler, Seiler, Seither, Senn, Seyler, Uhl, Urnauer, Veith, Velten, Velter, Volmer, Waldele, Walter, Walther, Weber, Weissland, Werck, Werner, Wurtz, Ybach, Zapffel, Zeigler, Zeller
Researchers in this area: